# Applied Physics (Physics II)

Course Code BSC210 S3 100 hours Statement of Attainment

### Study Practical and Commercial Applications for Physical Sciences

• Mechanics
• Communications
• Construction industries
• Imaging
• Energy Production and transmission

## Lesson Structure

There are 10 lessons in this course:

1. Electromagnetic Induction
• Introduction to Electricity
• Rules of charge
• Coulomb’s law
• Magnetism
• Electromagnetism
• Electromagnetic induction
• Faraday’s Law of electromagnetic induction
• Lenz’s law
• Fleming’s Rules
• Eddy currents
• Transformers
• Generators
• Motors
2. Power Generation and Transmission
• Primary sources of electrical energy
• Energy from the water head
• Energy from burning fuels
• Nuclear energy
• Wind energy
• Solar energy
• Types of power plants
• Hydroelectric power plants
• Thermal power plants
• Nuclear power plants
• Wind power plants
3. Circular Motion and Gravitation
• Lesson introduction
• Review of circles – radius, diameter, tangent, arc, circumference
• Important equations for working with circles
• Circular motion
• Uniform circular motion
• Time, frequency, position, speed, tangential velocity, centripetal force
• Centripetal acceleration
• Newton’s law of gravitation
• Satellites and Kepler’s Laws
4. Engineering Physics – Rigid Bodies and Rotational Dynamics
• Rotational Motion
• Angular Position
• Angular Displacement
• Angular Velocity
• Angular Velocity & Linear Velocity
• Angular Acceleration
• Kinematic Equations (Angular Acceleration)
• Torque
• Moment of Inertia
• Angular Momentum
• Kinetic Energy of Rotation
• Rotational Energy, Work and Power
5. Engineering Physics- Fluids and fluid dynamics
• Fluid and dynamics introduction
• Definitions and Properties
• Density
• Pressure
• Flow
• Laminar Flow and Turbulent Flow
• Open Flow
• Open-channel flow
• Compressible and Incompressible Flow
• Forces on Fluids
• Pressure and Atmospheric Pressure
• Water Pressure
• Pressure Difference
• Buoyant Forces
• Pascal’s Law
• Principles of Fluid Dynamics
• The Equation of Continuity
• Flow Rate and Its Relation to Velocity
• Archimedes’ Principle
• Bernoulli’s Theorem
• Viscosity
• Turbulence
6. Relativity
• The Principle of Relativity
• Special Relativity
• Space-time
• Universal Speed Limit
• Relativistic Mass
• Time Dilation
• Length Contraction
• Doppler Effect on Wavelength
• Applications
7. Introduction to Imaging
• Electromagnetic Spectrum
• Comparison of EM Waves
• Relationship Between Frequency and Wavelength
• Relationship Between Frequency and Energy
• Visible Light
• The Wave Nature of Light
• Properties of Light
• Speed of Light
• Reflection of Light
• Refraction of Light
• Snell’s Law
• Diffraction of Light and Interference
• Dispersion
• Optional Image Formation
• Lens Types
8. Imaging instrumentation and Medical imaging
• Types of Medical Imaging
• Computerised Tomography
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Ultrasound Imaging
• Electron Microscopy
• TEM
• SEM
• Nuclear Medicine
• Positron emission Tomography
• Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography
• Bone Scan
• Photoacoustic Imaging
• Medical Imaging Instruments
• CT, PET and MRI Scanners
• Ultrasound Machine
9. Fibre optics
• Introduction
• Definitions
• Construction of Optical Fibre Cable
• Fibre Characteristics
• Mechanical Characteristics
• Transmission Characteristics
• Different Types of Fibres and Their Properties
• Single and Multimode Fibres
• Step Index and Graded Index Fibres
• Principles of Light Propagation Through a Fibre
• Refractive Index
• Total Internal Reflection
• Numerical Aperture
• Acceptance Angle
• Skew Mode
• Applications of Fibre Optics
10. Engineering Physics in Construction
• Introduction to physics in construction
• Surveying
• Constructing Buildings
• Basic Principles in Building Engineering Physics
• Acoustics
• Air Movement
• Building Services
• Climate
• Construction Technology
• Control of Moisture
• Lighting
• Thermal Performance
• Properties of Common Materials
• Definitions
• Simple and Damped Harmonic Motion
• Forced Oscillations
• Vibrations inside built structures
• Vibrations from outside built structures
• Resonant Response and Damping

## Aims

• Explain how electricity works, and how it relates to electromagnetic induction.
• Explain different types of power generation.
• Explain some of the advantages and disadvantages of certain types of power generation.
• Explain the general principles of circular motion.
• Explain the general principle of gravity and how it applies to satellites.
• Explain the major principles of rotational motion.
• Explain the relationship between rotational motion and power.
• Define a fluid in physics terms.
• Explain how fluids move and some of their applications in everyday life.
• Explain the general principles of relativity and when they are used.
• Explain how light moves and creates images people can see.
• Explain some common medical imaging techniques and how they use light and sound to create images.
• Explain how light moves through a fibre optic cable and the factors that affect it.
• Explain practical applications for fibre optics.
• Explain practical applications for physics in the construction industry.

A solid understanding of fundamentals of physics is essential for those who wish to work entrepreneur,, materials scientist, science teacher, data scientist, medical physicist, or research scholar in science and more.

Opportunities include:

• Public and private sectors