Date Palms

Leaves pinnate (feather type), and leaflets 'v' shaped in cross section


Feature plants in gardens. Container plants. Indoor plants.

Edible dates come from this genus.

Security barriers -species with spikes are good for deterring burglars.



Some species are particularly hardy in comparison to most palms tolerating colder conditions and poorer air quality, particularly once established.


Seed takes 2 to 3 months to germinate.

Some species produce suckers and can be divided.


Around 17 species mostly from sub tropical and tropical Africa and Asia; including -

P. canariensis (Canary Island Date Palm). Upright palm with a thick heavy trunk to 20m; large head of long feather leaves to 6m. Showy orange fruits. Needs room to spread.

P. dactylifera (Date Palm). Stout trunk to 20m; sparse head of grey-green leaves; suckers at base of palm. Commercial source of dates which only form in hot, dry climates.

P. reclinata (African Wild Date Palm). Forms a clump with several trunks to 7m tall and 3m long fronds.

P. roebelenii (Dwarf Date Palm). Will eventually grow to 3m; fronds are 1.5m long. Popular indoor pot plant – place in bright light and keep soil moist but not wet. Fine textured and spikey foliage.

P. rupicola, also known as the Cliff Date Palm, is a good landscaping species with attractive foliage.

Plant Health

Many are relatively hardy.

More info

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