Camellia japonica



Camellia japonica is native to Japan, and does well in a temperate climate. It is an evergreen tree with glossy, dark green leaves. It can grow to a height of 12 metres with a spread of 4 metres. White, pink or red flowers. The properties of the many cultivars vary widely.


Ornamental plant suitable for shady sites in small and large gadens. Often used as a hedge.

Container plant, sometimes bonsai (small leaved types).


Camellia japonica needs acid, humus rich soil. It will do best in a humid, sunny position and is frost resistant, but drought tender. Optimum growth conditions will vary between cultivars, of which there are thousands. Propagate by layering, cuttings or grafting onto rootstock.


Semi hardwood stem cuttings. Occasionally grafting or layering.


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Plant Health

Mostly hardy in temperate climates; but can suffer in high humidity and heat; particularly if roots become dry.

More info

Video: ‘Identifying Trees and Shrubs’ produced by Australian Correspondence Schools is available through Camellia and Home Garden Expert courses are available through Australian Correspondence Schools, see

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